Exercise Physiology and Anatomy


Instruction hours per week: 3

Duration: Maximum allowed access 26 weeks

CEU Credit: To earn CEU Credits, both the KA104 course and KA104A assessment unit must be completed (neither carry credit alone)

Course Author: Lon Kilgore, PhD

Presented by: Lon Kilgore, PhD

Methods of instruction: Online lecture, reading, practice activities and home based activities


This course is designed to provide learners with underpinning knowledge of human anatomy and physiology, and the effects of designated body systems on exercise performance. It provides an understanding of the importance of the structure and function of the body, and provides underpinning knowledge for many other related courses. The overall objective of the course is to establish a functional understanding of the anatomical structures and physiological functions that affect, control, and adapt to exercise.

Created with working fitness professionals in mind, this distance learning course (available only online) enables anyone with occupational or geographic limitations to face-to-face learning to attend. This unit marries short and precise video lectures, practice activities, text reading, and home study to create an exemplary learning environment that provides a sound underpinning in anatomy and physiology to support future professional practice.

The course has six outcomes of learning. On successful completion of the course the learner will be able to:

  1. describe the structure, organization and function of the human body

  2. describe the structure and function of the skeletal system

  3. describe the structure and function of the muscular system

  4. describe the structure and function of the respiratory system

  5. describe the structure and function of the cardio vascular system

  6. describe the use and replenishment of energy substrates during exercise and recognise the by-products of energy use.


  1. Anatomy & Anthropometry

  2. Physiological Adaptation

  3. Bone & Joint Structure

  4. Muscle Structure & Function

  5. Muscle Contraction & Adaptation

  6. Bioenergetics & Metabolism

  7. Fact: Cells & Storage

  8. The Heart & Lungs

  9. Cardiopulmonary Function & Adaptation

  10. The Ankle & Foot

  11. The Knee

  12. The Hip

  13. The Axial Skeleton

  14. The Shoulder

  15. The Elbow

  16. The Wrist & Hand

  17. Endocrine Function & Adaptation

  18. Renal System & Fluid Balance

  19. Balance & Coordination


This unit is assessed through online self-assessment. In the open access course there are numerous self-assessments in the form of auto-graded quizzes, personal reflections, and practice activities. These assessments are developmental and provided at no cost. They do not satisfy the assessment requirements for award of CEU credit.

To receive CEU credit for this course, you must register and enrol in KA104A - Exercise Physiology & Anatomy Assessment Unit. In that assessment package, there are five (5) course tests comprised of multiple choice items for conceptual assessment, fill-in-the-blank for simple structure identification, matching for recognition of terms and definitions, and a single short (100-200 word) essay to evaluate student ability to synthesise information into a solution for a problem in fitness. Each course test is worth twenty percent (20%) of the possible unit weighting (100%). A minimum aggregate mark of 70% is required for the unit to count towards CEU credit. Each assessment is timed, so there is no time available to look up materials in resources the student might have available. Student identity will be visually confirmed by video at the beginning of each testing session. If a student fails to attain a mark of 70% on any course test, they may retake a variant of the test once after an four week re-study period. It is highly recommended that you register for the assessment package as soon as you have made the decision to pursue CEU credit.